Using a pre-defined randomisation list (Simple+)
There are several advantages to using a pre-defined list with our simple randomisation service. Using a list allows you to:
- Stratify, e.g. by age group or centre
- Have more than two treatment groups
- Name your treatment groups, e.g. Placebo and Aspirin rather than A and B
- Randomise to a code, e.g. 1001, 1002,... rather than A and B. This makes the system more suited to blinded trials where the link between the codes and group is kept secret
- Alter the allocation ratio from 1:1, e.g. can be 2:1
Using a randomisation list is only available with the Simple + service - see pricing for details.
When you create a trial with a randomisation list it will initially be limited to 5 randomisations. Use the administration area to order more randomisations.
How do I set up a trial using a randomisation list?
When you create your trial you should upload the randomisation list using the file upload button on the trial creation form.
Your list must be a CSV file in the format described below. We have a randomisation list creation tool that you can use to generate a list in the correct format, but as long as the list matches the specified format you can generate it however you want.
CSV file format
Line 1 of the CSV file should be the header:
block identifier, block size, sequence within block, treatment, [strata 1, strata 2, ...] [code]
The remaining lines should be the randomisations and should contain the fields:
- block identifier: Block number (integer number)
- block size: Size of block (integer number)
- sequence within block: Sequence number within the current block (integer number)
- treatment: Name of treatment group or randomisation code (string)
- strata 1, strata 2, ... : Optional stratification variables (string). The header is used as the stratification label so you should capitalise, e.g. Age-group.
- code: Optional column containing unique randomisation code (string).
About randomisation codes
If your trial is double-blind, you should use randomisation codes. You can put these into the treatment column of your CSV or use a separate code column. Either way, on randomisation the user will see the randomisation code and not the underlying treatment group. You will need to keep the file linking the codes to the treatment groups to allow the results to be analysed when the trial is unblinded.
This is a randomisation list with a block size of 4, 1:1 randomisation to Intervention or Placebo, and stratification by age-group (under 50 vs. 50 or over) and sex (male vs. female).
block identifier, block size, sequence within block, treatment, Age-group, Sex 1, 4, 1, Intervention, Under 50, Male 1, 4, 2, Placebo, Under 50, Male 1, 4, 3, Intervention, Under 50, Male 1, 4, 4, Placebo, Under 50, Male 2, 4, 1, Placebo, Under 50, Female 2, 4, 2, Intervention, Under 50, Female 2, 4, 3, Placebo, Under 50, Female 2, 4, 4, Intervention, Under 50, Female 3, 4, 1, Intervention, 50 or over, Male 3, 4, 2, Intervention, 50 or over, Male 3, 4, 3, Placebo, 50 or over, Male 3, 4, 4, Placebo, 50 or over, Male 4, 4, 1, Intervention, 50 or over, Female 4, 4, 2, Placebo, 50 or over, Female 4, 4, 3, Placebo, 50 or over, Female 4, 4, 4, Intervention, 50 or over, Female